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CCI

Short for Computer Controlled Inking. A term used by Roland Company to describe its remote control system in printing presses.

CCI

是英文字义“电脑控制墨量”的简称。“罗兰”公司用来描述它的遥控系统所用的名词。

CCR

Short for Complementary Colour Removal. A method of archromatic separations by Hell Company. See Achromatic synthesis.

CCR

是英文字义“除去补色”的简称。是“海尔”公司所用的一种消色分色法。参阅综合消色作用。

CD-ROM

Short for Compact Disk Read Only Memory. Pre-recorded non-erasable digital data disk, used successfully for the storage of large amounts of standard information. See Optical disk, Optical digital disk.

光碟资料库

英文是[光碟只读存贮器]的简写。是预先贮入数据的数码碟;贮入后的数据不能取消.用它贮存大量的标准信息,最为妥善.参阅光碟,数码光碟.

Cell

(1) Indentation in the surface of a photogravure cylinder that holds the ink.

(2) A device which produces a flow of electric charge, i.e. an electric current.

(3) The smallest part of a plant or animal.

(1)细窝,(2)电池,(3)细胞

(1) 照相凹版圆筒上用来装载油墨的低陷部分.

(2) 产生电荷流动,即电流的器具.

(3) 动物或植物的最小部分.

Cellophane

A soft, high gloss, colourless, transparent paper, used mainly for packing and decorating. It is made by means of viscose process. Passing liquid cellulose (cellulose xanthate) through a narrow slot into another liquid ( solution of sulfuric acid, sodium sulfate and zinc sulfate), the liquid cellulose will precipitate and turn into a thin transparent sheet. After desulfuring, bleaching, washing and drying, cellophane is produced.

玻璃纸

有光泽,柔软,无色透明的纸,供包装和装饰用.用粘胶法制造.把液体纤维素(黄酸纤维素)从一条狭缝喷出,进入另一种液体内(硫酸,硫酸钠和硫酸锌溶液),纤维素就沉淀而形成透明薄膜.经过脱硫,漂白,水洗和干燥后就成为玻璃纸.

Cellulose

A long carbon-chain polymer of glucose found in plants. Cellulose mosecules bind together to form a strong structure.

纤维素

常存在于植物中的长碳链葡萄糖聚合物.纤维素分子凝结在一起,构成坚韧的结构.

Cellulose fibre

Fibre obtained from plants. The basic raw material for paper making. See Fibre.

纤维素纤维

从植物中所获得的纤维.是造纸的主要原材料.参阅纤维.

Cellulose gum

A water soluble gum derived from wood fibre cellulose, used as a substitute for lithographic gum arabic and synthetic gums.

纤维素胶

由木纤维获得的纤维素胶;可溶于水,用来代替阿拉伯胶或合成胶.

Celsius scale

A temperature scale with 100 degrees between the lower fixed point and the upper fixed point, i.e. 0 equals water's freezing point and 100 its boiling point. The symbol is ºC. Also called Centigrade.

摄氏度

是温度计上的刻度.最低固定点为0,最高固定点为100; 0是水的冰点,而100是水的沸点.符号是°C.

Centigrade

See Celsius scale.

摄氏度

参阅上文。

Central processing unit (CPU)

The main portion of a computer system that includes the circuits for interpretation and execution of instructions, and the gerformance of arithmetic functions.

中央处理机

电脑系统的主要部份,它包括控制指令的解释和执行的线路,并具备计算功能。

Centre fold

Pages facng one another in the centre of a newspaper,magazine, section or a signature. Also called Centre spread.

中心大页

在报纸,杂志或一帖中间,互相对着的两版,称为“中心大页”。

Centre line

A line dividing an area in two equal portions. Centre lines are usually represented by chain lines.

中线

把一个面积平分为两等份的线条。中线常用链线表示。

Centre mark

A short line added to copy, a page negative, or a flat, to denote the centre of a page or form; also as a registration mark.

中间记号

加在原稿上或负片版上或大版上的短线,用来表示一版或格式的中央;亦作套正用。

Centre note

Note placed between columns of a page.

中间注

放于版内两栏之间的注释。

Centre spread

See Centre fold.

中心大页

参阅上文。

Centred

The placement of type or illustrations in the centre of a space.

分中

把字或插图放置于一空间的中央。

Chad

The small round pieces of paper waste produced during the production of punched paper tape and punch cards.

孔屑

纸带或咭在打孔时所产生的圆形纸屑。

Chain  printer

A high speed computer printer having characters linked together in the manner of a chain and circulating horizontally. Characters are struck by a print hammer as they pass locations where they need to be printed.

链式打印机

电脑用的高速印字机。字符连接成链状,作水平的循环绕动,当字符经过需要它的打印位置时,打印锤将此字符印到纸上。

Chaining

The sequencing or linking of randomly located material by means of address information included within the stored item, which cites the location of the succeeding and/or precedig item in the sequence.

链接

把随意存贮的资料用加上地址信息的方法排在顺序或连接,并指定各个项目的先后次序。

Chalking

In printing, a condition in which the pigment in the printing ink does not adhere properly to the printing surface and can be rubbed off as powder or chalk. For absorbent stock such as paper or board, it is usually caused by too thin of an ink and too absorbent of the paper. For non-absorbent stock, such as plastic film, etc.,the cause would be the wrong ink for the stock. Also called Powdering.

粉化

在印刷后,油墨不能粘稳在承印物上,很容易像粉笔的被擦去的情况。在吸收性承印物如纸张或纸板方面,通常是油墨过稀和纸的吸收性特强所引致。在无吸收性承印物如胶片等,则是使用不适当油墨所致。

Channel

(1) The connection between a message source and a destination sink in a communication system.

(2) A path for transmission of electromagetic signals.

(3) A radio frequency band or cable segment providing a single path for transmitting electrical signals.

(1)信道,(2)通道,(3)频道

(1)把资料源和目的地存放池联接的通信系统。(2)传送电子磁力信号的通路。(3)供单一线路传播电子信号的一段广播频率或部份电缆。

Chapter heads

Chapter title and/or number of the opening page of each chapter.

章节标题

每章起版 时所用的名称或/和数字。

Character

Any letter, figure, punctuation mark or symbol in typesetting.

字符

排字时所用的任何字母、数字、标点、和符号。

Character count

To find the total number of characters and spaces in a piece of copy by counting. An indispensable step before cast-off can be done.

字数点算

用点算法计算一份文稿内的字符数量;英文则包括字间空位在内。是“版数推算”前的一个必须工序。

Character definition

A term used to describe the fidelity with which alphanumeric characters are reproduced. Definition is defined by the number of line pairs or scan lines which can be produced per inch or millimeter of space.

字符清晰度

用来描述字母、数字在复制时所得的准确程度。清晰度的定义是指每寸或每毫米空间内所能产生或扫描的线条数目。

Character generation

The projection of typographic images by means of digitised informations. These Techniques are used in CRT, laser phototypesetters and video display terminals.

字符传发

用数码资料投射出字体影像的情况。是阴极射线管、激光照相排字机或显像终端机所采用的科技。

Character master

A photographic or digitized fount which is used to create typeset images. The term is used to refer to filmstrips, discs, and digitized founts within phototypesetting equipment. Also called Character store.

字符母片

用来产生字体影像的一副照相或数码字体。在照相排字机方面,它包括长条菲林带、圆碟和数码形式的一副字体。亦称字模库。

Character recognition

Reading characters by machine, often fordigital storage.

字符辨认

用机器辨认文字和符号,作数码化贮存.

Character set

The full range of characters in memory, on a keyboard, or available for output from a machine.

字符集

键盘上,贮记器上或机器上所能输出的全部字符.

Character store

See Character master.

字模库

参阅字符母片.

Characters per pica method

Method of casting-off that utilizes the average number of characters per pica as a means of determining the number of pages the copy will make when set in type. To find out the characters per pica of a type face at a particular type size copyfitting tables are available for this purpose.

字符每派卡长度算法

采用每派卡长度可容纳字符数量来推算一份原稿排字后所得版数的一个方法.要找出某一字体在某字大小下,每派卡的字符数量,可以查阅[配稿字数表].

Characteristic curve

A graphical expression of the functional properties of a material or a device; e.g. the exposure vs density curve for a film, or the characteristics of a transistor, photocell, etc.

特性曲线

图解方式,表达一种材料装置的机能特质.例如菲林的[曝光与密度曲线],晶体管和光电池的特性等等.

Chase

A rectangular metal frame in which type and blocks are locked up for letterpress printing or stereotyping.

版框

活版印刷制铅铸版时把铅字和版块锁稳的矩形金属框.

Check

An automatic or programmed means of testing the accuracy of information transmitted, manipulated, or stored by any unit or device of a computer.

校验

测试电脑里的任何装置或部件的信息传送,运作或贮存的准确性所用的自动或程式方法.

Check bit

A binary bit added to the data stream during machine verification to enable the machine to detect errors.

校验数元

使机器在校验时发觉错误的一个加在信息流内的二进制数元.

Check copy

A proof copy of a publication, sent to the austomer to assure that all printing and binding operations are correct. Also used as a master copy for the printer or binder.

核对本

送往顾客审核的一份出版物书样,以确保所有印刷,装订等操作正确.同时亦作印刷及装订时的参照样本.

Check digit

An extra digit calculated automatically from other digits in a data item and used to check its accuracy.

校验数位

在一数据项目中的额外数位,它自动加上于其他数位中运算,以核对该数据的准确性.

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